The UN permanent court of arbitration ruling, in the Hague, in favour of the Mauritian government is undoubtedly one with far-reaching consequences and it should neither be minimized nor underestimated. Let us first give the devil its due. Whoever advised Prime Minister Navin Ramgoolam to challenge British Foreign Secretary David Milliband’s unilateral decision of decreeing the wide extent of sea around the Chagos Archipelago a Protected Marine Park – yet another sly move on the part of the British government to deny the illegally-evicted natives of the Chagos their right of return to their homeland – under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the sea, was rightly inspired and deserves to be commended. However, it would be preposterous to assume that we are already there, that our sovereignty over the Chagos archipelago is in the offing and that the Chagossians will the next day charter a boat to take them to the shores of Diego Garcia to witness the dismantlement of the US nuclear base of rendition notoriety. The Chagossians who have in the past waged a lonely, uneven battle against the British government, for their legitimate right of return to their native islands, have more than once seen the London High Court of Justice’s pronouncement in their favour quashed on appeal or through dishonourable recourse to Queen’s Orders in Council. The UN court judgment is, on the other hand, binding. Hence, in addition to the KPMG report on the resettlement of the Chagossians on the islands of the Archipelago, excluding Diego Garcia, the UN court pronouncement brings with it additional substance to their legitimate claims.