The perfect city does not exist. Only an elite group — London, Amsterdam, Seoul and Vienna among them — manages to score relatively well in almost all the nine dimensions of city life evaluated, that is human capital, social cohesion, economy, environment, governance, urban planning, international outreach, technology, mobility and transportation. Professors Pascual Berrone and Joan Enric Rica of ESE Business School’s Center for Globalization and Strategy caution that without citizens’ involvement, any strategy, no matter how smart or global it may be, will be destined for failure.

https://media.iese.edu/research/pdfs/ST-0509-E. pdf https://www.forbes.com/sites/iese/2019/05/21/ these-are-the-smartest-cities-in-the-world-for2019/#e01932414290

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